In this work, portions of the picture plane appear to have been torn away or excised. The resulting flat passages of grays, browns, and blacks interrupt the landscape and deny access. These paintings speak of what is permitted and not permitted, and the violence of such decisions. This collision of visual languages and surfaces informs our experience of the spaces we inhabit and our interactions with what is considered "wild." Part meditation and part elegy, the paintings ask us to consider how overtly our encounters with the natural world are mediated, how extensive is this interference, and how we might live within these disrupted spaces in the future.